The term split ends refers to the splitting or fraying of the hair shaft. The condition is medically called trichoptilosis. Hair split ends are the result of fraying of the hair shaft due to excessive heat, mechanical stress, and dryness.
The most effective way to get rid of split ends is to cut them off. If left untrimmed, they tend to break off or continue splitting up the length of your hair. Since trimming your hair is not always the preferred solution, especially if you are trying to grow your hair long, you can use some natural home remedies to control the problem.
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Source - Selfcarers.com