Orthopedic problems are very common in the United States. Many jobs require sitting for extended periods of time with no breaks or movements to relieve pressure on the body. That has given rise to many chronic conditions. Beyond that, there are a number of extremely common illnesses that are associated with acute incidents (sports, car accidents, etc) or with old age.
Here are the five most common orthopedic illnesses:
• Arthritis – Arthritis is a type of joint problem that arises from inflammation of the joint(s) in question. Arthritis usually comes in the form of constant joint pain. It is a chronic condition with no known cure. Management, on the other hand, is an important part of life for many of those people who suffer from arthritis.
• Broken Bones – Broken bones are self explanatory. They can include things like fractures, which are small but not complete breaks in the bone. Nevertheless, fractures can lead to complete breaks and compromise the structural integrity of the bone in question. Some of the more severe types of breaks can require surgery for correction. Many breaks can be handled in office through resetting and immobilizing the affected area.
• Muscle Tears – Sometimes called strains. These are typically a result of pulling a muscle too hard and causing tears in the muscle fibers. Microtears are also caused by activities such as strength training, though not as severe. Muscle tears can be extremely painful and can, in some of the most extreme cases, require surgery for repair.
• Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis is a progressive and degenerative bone disease that leads to decreased bone mass and density and an increased risk of breaks and fractures. There are no real symptoms associated with osteoporosis and it is usually noticed once a problem has already occurred. Usually the first time someone notices is when they break or fracture a bone in a situation that would not normally lead to a fracture.
• Low Back Pain – About forty percent of all people will experience low back pain at some point in their life. It can lead to chronic problems and has been associated with depression in some sufferers. There are a slew of disorders that can lead to low back pain including spinal damage, a herniated disk, muscle problems, or a number of other things. Low back pain must be treated on a case by case basis due to the wide variability among causes.
Regardless of the specific illness, it pays to consult a physician to help deal with these problems. Three of the top five most common orthopedic illnesses are chronic in nature (low back pain, osteoporosis, arthritis) and will probably need continuing care to deal with. The acute problems such as broken bones and muscle tears will require either surgery or an in office procedure to repair followed by, in most cases, extensive rehabilitation in order to restore normal function. Orthopedic problems are extremely common and could affect anyone, so it is wise to understand some of the common issues and what to do about them.