For a diabetic who is not so concerned about his disease, a blister, cut, a little sore, abrasion all can cause him severe infections. All these problems should be treated immediately and properly. The better way is to wash the cut with soap and water and apply antiseptic on it. Use sterile dressing over it and keep the foot off as much as possible. In most of the cases the problems arises from peripheral neurology, but yet there are certain other causes:
- One cause is the blocked blood vessel. Poor circulation of blood can cause different problems. The common signs of poor blood circulation are: leg pain at night, slow healing of scratches, abnormally sparse hair growth, leg cramps, and redness of feet while you are sitting.
- Another cause common in Type II diabetics is being overweight. Being overweight increases the strain and pressure on the feet.
- Poor eyesight can causes you blister, cuts, bruises, stubbed toes etc.
- Sometimes a minor infection, which a diabetic takes casually, can create an exacerbation.
- Loss of sensation is another cause, where a diabetic remains unaware of foot injuries.
If at any time you feel that the sore has no sign of healing or it becomes infested, immediately rush to your physician for proper treatment.
For proper foot care read below some suggestion:
- Wash your feet everyday in warm soapy water. Avoid soaking your feet as it softens the skin and make it more vulnerable to infection.
- Use emollient to lubricate your feet after each wash. Avoid using emollient between toes. You can use absorbent powder in case of heavy sweating.
- It is important to examine their feet daily for any signs of redness, broken skin, or ingrown toenails, dryness or scaliness.
- Always cut your toenails straight across and never dig into corners. Use nail file for rough edges.
- If you see any blisters, warts, corns, and calluses, consult your physician immediately and inform him about your diabetes as well.
- For athlete s foot or fungal infections, you can use anti fungal cream and wear cotton or wool socks.
- Don t use pointy toed shoes in diabetes. Women should avoid high heels. Use shoes that are comfortable and fit to your feet.
- For diabetics, it is not good idea to walk barefoot. They can sustain injuries from small pointed stones or other objects. Always wear sandals or other shoes if you are a diabetic.
- Frostbites are extremely severe. So, never let your feet get too cold or too hot.