Candiasis can show up in many ways depending on the part of the body that is affected, in children between the ages of 3 - 9 years of age oral thrush can manifest in several ways. Mostly the signs of yeast infection present by sores and white patches around the mouth though it’s not a very common occurrence. Candida albicans have been known to be resident in the vagina of healthy women who may eventually not develop fungal infection. These fungus have been isolated in the vagina of more that 19% of all healthy women.
Use of douches and detergents is one of the substances that cause imbalances in the vagina flora. Once the vaginal lactic acid bacteria are perturbed the fungus is most likely to enjoy a leeway to grow in excess. Once these fungus grows unchecked the result is signs of yeast infection such as local inflammation of the vagina.
Pregnancy is one of the factors that compromise the flora of the vagina thus putting the person involved at risk of developing yeast infections. Another likely issue that makes a person to be susceptible to Candida cells is anal sex immediately followed by vaginal sex performed without washing. Using lubricants such as glycerin is one of the controversial issues that are not yet clear on whether they lead to fungal infections.
Diabetes especially of type known as diabetes mellitus and use of certain drugs are other factors that have been found to increase the rate of developing yeast infections. Signs of yeast infection have been known to accompany diets that are very rich in carbohydrates especially oral candiasis. Hormonal replacement therapy is a common method of dealing with old age especially in women so as to enable them to cope with the ravages of old age, however HRT has been shown to be a predisposing factor as well as infertility treatments.
Swimmers who wear wet swim suits for extended periods of time are also likely to be at risk of developing Candida infections.
Some diseases are linked to a high possibility of developing fungal infections due to the havoc they visit on the body. These diseases include HIV/AIDS, cancer and people who use drugs that lead to immune-suppression.
Nutrient deficiency is also a factor in developing thrush infection since there is a high possibility of low immunity. Approximately 15% of the people who have weak immune system are likely to develop Candida infections of various species. In extreme circumstances the local infections may get complicated if the fungal infections enter in to the blood stream leading in systemic Candiasis which can be very complex to treat.
Signs of a yeast infection are only pointers that something is going wrong in the body, therefore when such signs are manifested the proper yeast infection have to be conducted through microscopic examination or through culturing. Diagnosis is usually through the use of a light microscope where scraping is of the affected area is done and the scrapings are placed on the microscope slide. Once a single drop of a tenth of potassium hydroxide solution is added to the specimen the solution dissolves the skin cells leaving the Candida cells intact for identification and visualization. by Desislav Kuzmanov